At what stages of the human visual hierarchy different features are bound together, and whether this binding requires attention, is still highly debated. We used a colour-contingent motion after-effect (CCMAE) to study the binding of colour and motion signals. The logic of our approach was as follows: if CCMAEs can be evoked by targeted adaptation of early motion processing stages, without allowing for feedback from higher motion integration stages, then this would support our hypothesis that colour and motion are bound automatically on the basis of spatiotemporally local information. Our results show for the first time that CCMAE's can be evoked by adaptation to a locally paired opposite-motion dot display, a stimulus that, importantly, is known to trigger direction-specific responses in the primary visual cortex yet results in strong inhibition of the directional responses in area MT of macaques as well as in area MT+ in humans and, indeed, is perceived only as motionless flicker. The magnitude of the CCMAE in the locally paired condition was not significantly different from control conditions where the different directions were spatiotemporally separated (i.e. not locally paired) and therefore perceived as two moving fields. These findings provide evidence that adaptation at an early, local motion stage, and only adaptation at this stage, underlies this CCMAE, which in turn implies that spatiotemporally coincident colour and motion signals are bound automatically, most probably as early as cortical area V1, even when the association between colour and motion is perceptually inaccessible.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Apr 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Contingent adaptation
- Primary visual cortex