The menisci transmit load by increasing the contact area and decreasing peak contact stresses on the articular surfaces. Meniscal lesions are among the most common orthopedic injuries, and resulting meniscectomies are associated with adverse polycaprolactone contact mechanics changes and, ultimately, an increased likelihood of osteoarthritis. Meniscus scaffolds were fabricated by 3D-printing a network of circumferential and radial filaments of resorbable polymer (poly(desaminotyrosyl-tyrosine dodecyl ester dodecanoate)) and infused with collagen-hyaluronan. The scaffold demonstrated an instantaneous compressive modulus (1.66 ± 0.44 MPa) comparable to native meniscus (1.52 ± 0.59 MPa). The scaffold aggregate modulus (1.33 ± 0.51 MPa) was within 2% of the native value (1.31 ± 0.36 MPa). In tension, the scaffold displayed a comparable stiffness to native tissue (127.6–97.1 N/mm) and an ultimate load of 33% of the native value. Suture pull-out load of scaffolds (83.1 ± 10.0 N) was within 10% of native values (91.5 ± 15.4 N). Contact stress analysis demonstrated the scaffold reduced peak contact stress by 60–67% and increased contact area by 38%, relative to partial meniscectomy. This is the first meniscal scaffold to match both the axial compressive properties and the circumferential tensile stiffness of the native meniscus. The improvement of joint contact mechanics, relative to partial meniscectomy alone, motivates further investigation using a large animal model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- tissue engineering