Biomimetic microactuator powered by polymer swelling

Howon Lee, Chunguang Xia, Nicholas Xuanlai Fang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose novel biomimetic polymer microactuators. The actuation mechanism is inspired by nastic movement of the moving plant, Mimosa pudica, which folds its leaves upon external stimulus by regulating turgor pressure of cells in specific location. Photo-cured poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) microactuator is fabricated using projection microstereolithography (PμSL) capable of complex 3D micro fabrication. The swelling effect of PEG in water and organic solvent is exploited as an actuation mechanism of the device. Stress relaxation in the structure due to solvent absorption is controlled locally by delivering solvent through microfluidic channels embedded in the actuator, thereby generating a net movement in the device. Timescale of the motion derived from analytical swelling model suggests that actuation speed can be effectively increased by scaling down the actuator because the characteristic swelling time depends on the length as L2, which is verified experimentally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 Proceedings of ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008
Pages765-769
Number of pages5
EditionPART B
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Oct 31 2008Nov 6 2008

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings
NumberPART B
Volume13

Other

Other2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period10/31/0811/6/08

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

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