Biophotonics techniques for structural and functional imaging, in vivo

Yasaman Ardeshirpour, Amir H. Gandjbakhche, Laleh Najafizadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations


In vivo optical imaging is being conducted in a variety of medical applications, including optical breast cancer imaging, functional brain imaging, endoscopy, exercise medicine, and monitoring the photodynamic therapy and progress of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In the past three decades, in vivo diffuse optical breast cancer imaging has shown promising results in cancer detection, and monitoring the progress of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The use of near infrared spectroscopy for functional brain imaging has been growing rapidly. In fluorescence imaging, the difference between autofluorescence of cancer lesions compared to normal tissues were used in endoscopy to distinguish malignant lesions from normal tissue or inflammation and in determining the boarders of cancer lesions in surgery. Recent advances in drugs targeting specific tumor receptors, such as AntiBodies (MAB), has created a new demand for developing non-invasive in vivo imaging techniques for detection of cancer biomarkers, and for monitoring their down regulations during therapy. Targeted treatments, combined with new imaging techniques, are expected to potentially result in new imaging and treatment paradigms in cancer therapy. Similar approaches can potentially be applied for the characterization of other disease-related biomarkers. In this chapter, we provide a review of diffuse optical and fluorescence imaging techniques with their application in functional brain imaging and cancer diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-337
Number of pages21
JournalAnalytical Cellular Pathology
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Dec 14 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


  • Affibody
  • Diffuse optical imaging
  • cancer diagnostics
  • cancer treatment
  • fluorescence imaging
  • functional brain imaging
  • human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
  • near infrared spectroscopy
  • targeted fluorescent probe

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