Black and latinx adolescents' developing beliefs about poverty and associations with their awareness of Racism

Scott Seider, Shelby Clark, Daren Graves, Lauren Leigh Kelly, Madora Soutter, Aaliyah El-Amin, Pauline Jennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interpersonal and structural forms of racism contribute to a system of economic stratification in the United States in which children of color are disproportionately likely to be born into poverty and to remain poor as adults. However, only a small body of research has focused on Black and Latinx adolescents' developing beliefs about the causes of poverty or the relationship between such beliefs and their awareness of racism. The present study sought to contribute to this scholarship with a longitudinal investigation involving Black and Latinx adolescents (n = 457) attending urban secondary schools in 5 northeastern cities. Specifically, we investigated (a) these adolescents' change over time in their beliefs about the causes of poverty; (b) the relationship between their developing beliefs about the causes of poverty and changes in their awareness of racism; and (c) the role of a progressive schooling experience in influencing the adolescents' beliefs about the causes of poverty. Multivariate latent growth modeling revealed that participants demonstrated significant positive change over time in their conception of poverty as caused by structural factors as well as a significant relationship at each time point between adolescents' beliefs about the causes of poverty and awareness of interpersonal racism. However, we found that attending a secondary school featuring a progressive schooling model did not significantly predict adolescents' change in beliefs about the structural causes of poverty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-524
Number of pages16
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Keywords

  • Economic inequality
  • Intersectional awareness
  • Perceived racial discrimination
  • Poverty beliefs
  • Stereotype consciousness

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