Blood and books: Performing code switching

Jeff Friedman, Catherine Moana Te Rangitakina Ruha Gwynne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Code switching is a linguistic term that identifies ways individuals use communication modes and registers to negotiate difference in social relations. This essay suggests that arts-based inquiry, in the form of choreography and performance, provides a suitable and efficacious location within which both verbal and nonverbal channels of code switching can be investigated. Blood and Books, a case study of dance choreography within the context of post-colonial Maori performance in Aotearoa/New Zealand, is described and analyzed for its performance of code switching. The essay is framed by a discussion of how arts-based research within tertiary higher education requires careful negotiation in the form of code switching, as performed by the author's reflexive use of vernacular and formal registers in the essay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number46
JournalForum Qualitative Sozialforschung
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)


  • Code switching
  • Dance
  • Maori
  • New Zealand
  • Oral history
  • Orality


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