Bombesin attenuates pre-mRNA splicing of glucocorticoid receptor by regulating the expression of serine-arginine protein p30c (SRp30c) in prostate cancer cells

Jin Zhu, Jun Y. Gong, Oscar B. Goodman, Luca Cartegni, David M. Nanus, Ruoqian Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although glucocorticoids are frequently administered to patients with hormone refractory prostate cancer, their therapeutic effectiveness is limited by the development of glucocorticoid resistance. The molecular mechanisms of glucocorticoid resistance are unknown but are believed to involve neuropeptide growth factors and cytokines. We examined the functional interaction between bombesin and dexamethasone in PC-3 cells and found that bombesin could act as a survival factor by interfering with dexamethasone-mediated growth inhibition. Because glucocorticoids exert their effects through glucocorticoid receptors (GRs), we measured the expression of GRα and GRβ isoforms in the presence of bombesin. Western blotting and real time PCR revealed bombesin induced expression of GRβ, but not GRα. Because GR isoforms are generated by alternative splicing of a common GR gene, we examined the expression of serine-arginine (SR) proteins involved in alternative splicing, and found that the expression of SRp30 was induced by bombesin in PC-3 cells. To characterize the role of SRp30 in splicing of GR isoforms, siRNAs specific to various SRp30 isoforms were transfected into PC-3 cells. We found that suppression of SRp30c expression by siRNA specifically antagonized bombesin's effect on glucocorticoid-mediated inhibition of PC cells, suggesting that bombesin-induced expression of SRp30c affects GR pre-mRNA splicing, leading to increased GRβ expression and contributing to glucocorticoid resistance in PC cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1087-1094
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1773
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Bombesin
  • Glucocorticoid receptors
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Neuropeptides
  • Prostate cancer
  • SRp30 proteins

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