Bound-state instability of the chiral Luttinger liquid in one dimension

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Abstract

We have developed a “bootstrap” method for solving a class of interacting one-dimensional chiral fermions. The conventional model for interacting right-moving electrons with spin has an SO(4) symmetry, and can be written as four interacting Majorana fermions, each with the same velocity. We have found a method for solving some cases when the velocities of these Majorana fermions are no longer equal. We demonstrate in some detail the remarkable result that corrections to the skeleton self-energy identically vanish for these models, and this enables us to solve them exactly. For the cases where the model can be solved by bosonization, our method can be explicitly checked. However, we are also able to solve some cases where the excitation spectrum differs qualitatively from a Luttinger liquid. Of particular interest is the so-called SO(3) model, where a triplet of Majorana fermions, moving at one velocity, interact with a single Majorana fermion moving at another velocity. Using our method we show, that a sharp bound (or antibound) state splits off from the original Luttinger-liquid continuum, cutting off the x-ray singularity to form a broad incoherent excitation with a lifetime that grows linearly with frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1688-1698
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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