Calcium-Based Metal–Organic Frameworks and Their Potential Applications

Shikai Xian, Yuhan Lin, Hao Wang, Jing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) built on calcium metal (Ca-MOFs) represent a unique subclass of MOFs featuring high stability, low toxicity, and relatively low density. Ca-MOFs show considerable potential for molecular separations, electronic, magnetic, and biomedical applications, although they are not investigated as extensively as transition metal-based MOFs. Compared to MOFs made of other groups of metals, Ca-MOFs may be particularly advantageous for certain applications such as adsorption and storage of light molecules because of their gravimetric benefit, and drug delivery due to their high biocompatibility. This review intends to provide an overview on the recent development of Ca-MOFs, including their synthesis, crystal structures, important properties, and related applications. Various synthetic methods and techniques, types of building blocks, structure and porosity features, selected physical properties, and potential uses will be discussed and summarized. Representative examples will be illustrated for each type of important applications with a focus on their structure–property relations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2005165
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 2 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • Biomaterials


  • calcium
  • coordination polymers
  • gas adsorption
  • metal–organic frameworks
  • photoluminescence


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