Carbon molecular sieves: Reconstruction of atomistic structural models with experimental constraints

Piotr Kowalczyk, Artur P. Terzyk, Piotr A. Gauden, Sylwester Furmaniak, Marek Wiśniewski, Andrzej Burian, Lukasz Hawelek, Katsumi Kaneko, Alexander V. Neimark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We propose a novel methodology for developing experimentally informed structural models of disordered carbon molecular sieves. The hybrid reverse Monte Carlo simulation method coupled with wide-angle X-ray scattering experiments is used for constructing an atomistic level model of a representative sample of carbon molecular sieve film (CMS-F) synthesized in our laboratory. We found that CMS-F possesses a disordered matrix enriched with bended carbon chains and various carbon clusters as opposed to the turbostratic carbon or graphite-like microcrystals. The pore structure of CMS-F has a defected lamellar morphology of one-dimensional periodicity with narrow (∼0.4 nm) micropores. The model is applied to study adsorption properties of CMS-F with respect to adsorbates of practical interest, such as N2, H2, CO, and C6H6. Special attention is paid to the phase transformations in the course of adsorption. In particular, we show theoretically and confirm experimentally that nitrogen solidifies within CMS-F pores at 77 K upon adsorption of 5 mmol/g, and its further adsorption is associated with the adsorbed phase compression induced by strong surface forces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12996-13007
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume118
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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