Cardiocam: Leveraging camera on mobile devices to verify users while their heart is pumping

Jian Liu, Cong Shi, Yingying Chen, Hongbo Liu, Marco Gruteser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the increasing prevalence of mobile and IoT devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets, smart-home appliances), massive private and sensitive information are stored on these devices. To prevent unauthorized access on these devices, existing user verification solutions either rely on the complexity of user-defined secrets (e.g., password) or resort to specialized biometric sensors (e.g., fingerprint reader), but the users may still suffer from various attacks, such as password theft, shoulder surfing, smudge, and forged biometrics attacks. In this paper, we propose, CardioCam, a low-cost, general, hard-to-forge user verification system leveraging the unique cardiac biometrics extracted from the readily available built-in cameras in mobile and IoT devices. We demonstrate that the unique cardiac features can be extracted from the cardiac motion patterns in fingertips, by pressing on the built-in camera. To mitigate the impacts of various ambient lighting conditions and human movements under practical scenarios, CardioCam develops a gradient-based technique to optimize the camera configuration, and dynamically selects the most sensitive pixels in a camera frame to extract reliable cardiac motion patterns. Furthermore, the morphological characteristic analysis is deployed to derive user-specific cardiac features, and a feature transformation scheme grounded on Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is developed to enhance the robustness of cardiac biometrics for effective user verification. With the prototyped system, extensive experiments involving 25 subjects are conducted to demonstrate that CardioCam can achieve effective and reliable user verification with over 99% average true positive rate (TPR) while maintaining the false positive rate (FPR) as low as 4%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMobiSys 2019 - Proceedings of the 17th Annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages249-261
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781450366618
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2019
Event17th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, MobiSys 2019 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 17 2019Jun 21 2019

Publication series

NameMobiSys 2019 - Proceedings of the 17th Annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services

Conference

Conference17th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, MobiSys 2019
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/17/196/21/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Keywords

  • Authentication
  • Camera
  • Cardiac biometric
  • Mobile devices

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