Deleted in breast cancer-1 (DBC-1) was initially cloned from a homozygously deleted region in breast and other cancers on human chromosome 8p21, although no function is known for the protein product it encodes. We identified the generation of amino-terminally truncated versions of DBC-1 during tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-mediated apoptosis. Full-length 150 kDa DBC-1 underwent caspase-dependent processing during TNF-α-mediated death signaling, to produce p120 DBC-1 and p66 DBC-1 carboxy-terminal fragments. Endogenous DBC-1 localized to the nucleus in healthy cells, but localized to the cytoplasm during TNF-α-mediated apoptosis, consistent with the loss of the amino-terminus containing the nuclear localization signal. Overexpression of an amino-terminal truncated DBC-1, resembling p120 DBC-1, caused mitochondrial clustering, mitochondrial matrix condensation, and sensitized cells to TNF-α-mediated apoptosis. The carboxy-terminal coiled-coil domain of DBC-1 was responsible for the cytoplasmic and mitochondrial localization, and for the death-promoting activity of DBC-1. Thus, caspase-dependent processing of DBC-1 may act as a feed-forward mechanism to promote apoptosis and possibly also tumor suppression. DBC-1, like its homolog cell cycle and apoptosis regulatory protein-1 (CARP-1), may function in the regulation of apoptosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research