Causes of severe chronic venous insufficiency

Peter J. Pappas, Brajesh K. Lal, Joaquim J. Cerveira, Frank T. Padberg, Walter N. Duran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


A large number of adults in this country have some form of chronic venous insufficiency and a significant percentage of these have venous ulcers. The past decade has refined understanding of leukocyte-mediated injury and has elucidated the role of inflammatory processes in the dermal pathology of chronic venous insufficiency. Understanding of these pathologic cellular functions and molecular regulation of these processes is increasing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Vascular Surgery
Issue number1 SPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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