T cell differentiation to effector cell function is required for the development of a type 2 immune response. The T cell surface molecule, CD28, is widely considered to be the principal costimulatory molecule involved in T cell differentiation to effector function, including IL-4 production, although this has been difficult to directly examine in vivo. We have studied in vivo differentiation to T cell effector function during two type 2 immune responses in CD28 knockout mice: the systemic immune response to goat anti-mouse IgD Ab and the mucosal immune response following oral inoculation with the nematode parasite, Heligmosomoides polygyrus. Our results show that in C57BL/6 CD28 knockout mice elevations in IL-4 gene expression and protein secretion are blocked during the immune response to goat anti-mouse IgD, and associated increases in serum IgG1 and IgE are also inhibited to untreated control levels. In marked contrast, T cell differentiation to IL-4 production is comparable in C57BL/6 CD28 -/- and CD28 +/+ H. polygyrus-inoculated mice, and elevations in both serum IgG1 and IgE levels occur. These results indicate that the specific kind of type 2 immune response determines whether T cell differentiation to IL-4 production is CD28 dependent.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - May 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy