Cement Deep Soil Mixing (CDSM) for solidification of soft estuarine sediments

A. Maher, W. S. Douglas, D. Yang, F. Jafari, V. R. Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


A preliminary study was conducted to determine the potential for cement deep soil mixing (CDSM) technology as a method for in-situ solidification of contaminated river and estuarine sediments. The study was conducted in Newark Bay, near the mouth of the Passaic River, New Jersey. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the viability of CDSM for the in-situ S/S with a focus on: 1) determining the correct mix of the cement slurry, which provides rapid stabilization of the sediment matrix, 2) potential resuspension of solids during CSDM operations, 3) the effects of high organic content on the solidification process, and 4) the feasibility of using conventional dredging/ extraction methods once the sediments have been stabilized and allowed to cure. The results of the study show CDSM slurry mixtures, as low as 7% in cement content, result in significant solidification and strength gain of in-situ sediments under ambient conditions. In sediments with very high organic contents (>20%), the slurry mix would need to be adjusted to account for retardation effects of organics on cement hydration. Sediment resuspension during application was shown to be minimal at a distance of as little as 75 feet from the mixing head. Strength gains were considerable, effectively consolidating the sediment particles in a secure matrix, but not so high as to preclude extraction of solidified sediments with conventional dredging equipment. Dredged solidified sediment exhibited characteristics of a stiff glacial clay, and as such was easier to handle and transport than untreated dredged sediments. This technique has high potential to be used as an interim remedial measure prior to either extraction and decontamination/disposal or proper capping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-235
Number of pages15
JournalMarine Georesources and Geotechnology
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Jul 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Ocean Engineering


  • Cement deep soil mixing
  • In-situ s/s
  • New Jersey
  • Sediment


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