Changes in small vessel blood content of the rat heart induced by hypercapnic, hyperoxic or asphyxic conditions

Harvey R. Weiss, Jay A. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The small vessel blood content (SVBC) of the ventricular walls of the heart of anesthetized closed chest rats was determined using59FeCl3 to label the plasma siderophilin. SVBC was measured breathing air, 100% O2, 5% CO2 in 21% O2 and during asphyxia. The average SVBC could be ranked: Air < 100% 02 < 5% CO2 < asphyxia. Only the ‘100% O2’ values were not significantly above the ‘air’ values. Under control conditions, SVBC of the rat heart averaged 6.77 ±(SE) 0.23 ml blood/lOOg tissue. Inhalation of 5% C02 increased this to 8.68 ±0.34, while asphyxia produced a maximal response to 14.40 + 0.77. Comparison of SVBC were made between various regions of the ventricular walls. The only significant difference was that the right side of the septum had a lower SVBC than the left ventricular sub-epicardium under all conditions except CO2. These differences in SVBC are related to the number of open capillaries in the myocardium. Thus inhalation of CO2 decreases intercapillary distance while 100% O2 has no effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-207
Number of pages9
JournalCardiology (Switzerland)
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Keywords

  • Gradients of myocardial blood volume
  • Intercapillary distance
  • Myocardial capillary density
  • Open capillary density

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