Changes in the glucose-6-phosphatase complex in hepatomas

Qin Xiao, Ilona Jaspers, Elizabeth Matthew, Michael A. Lea

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatomas tend to have a decreased glucose-6-phosphatase activity. We have observed phenotypic stability for this change in Morris hepatomas transplanted in rats. To determine if this decrease is selective for translocase functions or the hydrolase activity associated with glucose-6-phosphatase, we have compared activities in liver and hepatomas with glucose-6-phosphate or mannose-6-phosphate as substrates and with intact or histone-disrupted microsomes. In five out of seven subcutaneously transplanted rat hepatoma lines, the microsomal mannose-6-phosphatase activity was lower than in preparations from liver of normal or tumor-bearing rats. With liver microsomes and with most hepatoma microsomes, preincubation with calf thymus histones caused a greater increase in mannose-6-phosphatase than in glucose-6-phosphatase activity. In studies with liver and hepatoma microsomes there were similar increases in mannose-6-phosphatase activity with total calf thymus histones and arginine-rich histones. A smaller increase was seen with lysine-rich histones. The effect of polylysine was similar to the action of lysine-rich histones. There was only a small effect with protamine at the same concentration (1 mg/ml). Rat liver or hepatoma H1 histones gave only about half the activation seen with core nucleosomal histones. Our data suggested that microsomes of rat hepatomas tend to have decreased translocase and hydrolase functions of glucose-6-phosphatase relative to activities in untransformed liver. (Mol Cell Biochem 122: 17-24, 1993)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • glucose-6-phosphatase
  • hepatomas
  • mannose-6-phosphate
  • rat liver

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