Characterization of d1 dopamine receptor posttranscriptional regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Posttranscriptional regulation (PTR) of gene expression describes regulatory mechanisms that control the expression of protein from its cognate mRNA. Studies that investigate changes in gene expression, for a variety of reasons, typically focus on measuring levels of mRNA or protein but not both. Even studies that measure both mRNA and protein levels of the gene of interest rarely assess the temporal discordance between the two. Given that PTR provides a mechanism for spatial and temporal regulation of gene expression, it likely plays a major role in physiological and pathophysiological conditions. In this chapter, we describe methods to assess PTR using the D1 dopamine receptor gene as an example. PTR mechanisms can be broadly classifi ed into mechanisms that regulate mRNA turnover and those that control mRNA translation. The mouse catecholaminergic CAD cell line which expresses endogenous D1 dopamine receptor is a tractable model system for deciphering the molecular mechanism of D1 receptor PTR. We describe methods to measure D1 dopamine receptor mRNA stability using actinomycin D and methods using reporter constructs to assess microRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation of D1 receptor protein translation. Using these methods we demonstrate that the D1 dopamine receptor exhibits PTR in which the expression of D1 receptor protein is regulated by miRNAs. The chapter provides detailed methods for studying potential D1 dopamine receptor PTR during development and in disease states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-27
Number of pages15
JournalNeuromethods
Volume96
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • 3′ untranslated region
  • Dopamine receptor
  • Gene expression
  • MRNA stability
  • MRNA translation
  • MicroRNA
  • Posttranscriptional regulation
  • RT-PCR
  • Western blotting

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