Characterization of nanoporous materials from adsorption and desorption isotherms

Peter I. Ravikovitch, Alexander V. Neimark

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Abstract

We present a consistent method for calculation of pore size distributions in nanoporous materials from adsorption and desorption isotherms, which form the hysteresis loop H1 by the IUPAC classification. The method is based on the nonlocal density functional theory (NLDFT) of capillary condensation hysteresis in cylindrical pores. It is implemented for the nitrogen and argon sorption at their boiling temperatures. Using examples of MCM-41 type and SBA-15 siliceous materials, it is shown that the method gives the consonant pore size distributions calculated independently from the adsorption and desorption branches of the sorption isotherm. The pore size distributions, pore volumes and specific surface areas calculated from nitrogen and argon data are consistent. In the case of SBA-15 materials, the method evaluates also the amount of microporosity. The results of the NLDFT method are in agreement with independent estimates of pore sizes in regular nanoporous materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume187-188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 31 2001

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Argon
  • Capillary condensation
  • Density functional theory
  • Hysteresis
  • MCM-41
  • Microporosity
  • Nitrogen
  • Pore size distribution
  • SBA-15

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