Characterization of structural features and diversity of variable-region determinants of related quaternary epitopes recognized by human and rhesus macaque monoclonal antibodies possessing unusually potent neutralizing activities

Chavdar Krachmarov, Zhong Lai, William J. Honnen, Aidy Salomon, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, James Robinson, Abraham Pinter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of potently neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that target quaternary epitopes on the native Env trimer have recently been described. A common feature shared by these antibodies is the critical involvement of sites in both the V2 and V3 variable domains in antibody recognition. In this study the gp120 variable-region determinants were mapped for eight rhesus macaque monoclonal antibodies (RhMAbs) possessing potently neutralizing activity specific for a quaternary target in SF162 Env and compared to those originally identified for human MAb 2909. These studies showed that determinants for the epitopes defined by the RhMAbs differed in both the V2 (positions 160, 167, and 169) and V3 (positions 313 and 315) regions from 2909, and in a number of cases, from each other. Attempts to reconstitute expression of these epitopes on the cell surface by cotransfecting Envs containing either the V2 or the V3 determinant of the epitope were not successful, suggesting that these epitopes were expressed on individual protomers in a trimer-dependent manner. Several of the V2 positions found to be critical for expression of these quaternary epitopes also significantly affected exposure and neutralization sensitivity of targets in the V3 and CD4-binding domains. These results demonstrated a considerable diversity in the fine structure of this class of epitopes and further suggested a potentially important relationship between the expression of such quaternary epitopes and V1/V2-mediated masking of immunodominant epitopes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10730-10740
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of virology
Volume85
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Macaca mulatta
neutralization
epitopes
Epitopes
monoclonal antibodies
Monoclonal Antibodies
Immunodominant Epitopes
antibodies
Antibodies
Protein Subunits
protein subunits
Neutralizing Antibodies
neutralizing antibodies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

Cite this

Krachmarov, Chavdar ; Lai, Zhong ; Honnen, William J. ; Salomon, Aidy ; Gorny, Miroslaw K. ; Zolla-Pazner, Susan ; Robinson, James ; Pinter, Abraham. / Characterization of structural features and diversity of variable-region determinants of related quaternary epitopes recognized by human and rhesus macaque monoclonal antibodies possessing unusually potent neutralizing activities. In: Journal of virology. 2011 ; Vol. 85, No. 20. pp. 10730-10740.
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Characterization of structural features and diversity of variable-region determinants of related quaternary epitopes recognized by human and rhesus macaque monoclonal antibodies possessing unusually potent neutralizing activities. / Krachmarov, Chavdar; Lai, Zhong; Honnen, William J.; Salomon, Aidy; Gorny, Miroslaw K.; Zolla-Pazner, Susan; Robinson, James; Pinter, Abraham.

In: Journal of virology, Vol. 85, No. 20, 01.10.2011, p. 10730-10740.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Krachmarov, Chavdar

AU - Lai, Zhong

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