The forward and reverse reactions for integration were characterized for the Moloney murine leukemia virus integrase (M-MuLV IN) protein. The M-MuLV IN was recombinantly produced in Escherichia coli, and was purified to greater than 90% homogeneity by a one-step affinity purification scheme. M- MuLV IN was highly active for integration as measured by in vitro cleavage and strand transfer assays. Furthermore, the integration of a model viral substrate into λ concatamers by IN correctly produced the flanking 4-base pair duplications characteristic of M-MuLV IN. The reverse reaction of integration, disintegration, was also catalyzed by the recombinant M-MuLV IN. Two products were generated, a 3'-recessed long terminal repeat and a ligated target DNA, from a model integration-intermediate substrate in the presence of M-MuLV IN. The requirements and optimal conditions for maximal integration and disintegration activity for M-MuLV IN were determined. The forward and reverse reactions required different concentrations of manganese ion and reductant. Salt was also titrated for the forward and reverse reactions. Sodium chloride inhibited integration, but had little affect on disintegration. Low concentrations of potassium chloride enhanced integration, but had no affect on disintegration. The dinucleotide cleavage, strand transfer, and the disintegration reactions each had a unique pH profile of activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1993|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology