Most previous studies on volatile compounds in soy sauce were performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS). In this study, the volatile compounds of high-salt liquid-state fermentation soy sauce (HLFSS) were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by GC–MS and headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS). One hundred and seventy-four substances were detected using the two instruments, 87 by HS-GC-IMS and 127 by GC–MS. Aldehydes (26), ketones (28), esters (29), and alcohols (26) were the main compounds in HLFSS. In addition, ethyl pyruvate, (E)-2-pentenal and diethyl propanedioate were detected by HS-GC-IMS, which were previously not detected in HLFSS. Forty-eight aromatics including 34 key ones were identified by gas chromatography–olfactometry. Phenylacetaldehyde, methional, 2-methylbutanal, 1-octen-3-ol, ethyl acetate, 2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone, 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone and 4-ethyl guaiacol were identified as the main aroma compounds in HLFSS by aroma recombination and omission test. This study laid foundation for developing flavor assessment standards for soy sauce.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Food Science
- Soy Sauce
- Volatile Compounds