Processing of viral DNA by retroviral integrase leaves a dinucleotide single-strand overhang in the unprocessed strand. Previous studies have stressed the importance of the 5′ single-stranded (ss) tail in the integration process. To characterize the ss-tail binding site on M-MuLV integrase, we carried out crosslinking studies utilizing a disintegration substrate that mimics the covalent intermediate formed during integration. This substrate carried reactive groups at the 5′ ss tail. A bromoacetyl derivative with a side chain of 6 Å was crosslinked to the mutant IN 106-404, which lacks the N-terminal domain, yielding a crosslinked complex of 50 kDa. Treatment of IN 106-404 with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) prevented crosslinking, suggesting that Cys209 was involved in the reaction. The reactivity of Cys209 was confirmed by crosslinking of a more specific derivative carrying maleimide groups that spans 8Å approximately. In contrast, WT IN was not reactive, suggesting that the N-terminal domain modifies the reactivity of the Cys209 or the positioning of the crosslinker side chain. A similar oligonucleotide-carrying iodouridine at the 5′ ss tail reacted with both IN 106-404 and WT IN upon UV irradiation. This reaction was also prevented by NEM, suggesting that the ss-tail positions near a peptide region that includes Cys209.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)