Checkerboards, stripes, and corner energies in spin models with competing interactions

Alessandro Giuliani, Joel L. Lebowitz, Elliott H. Lieb

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Abstract

We study the zero-temperature phase diagram of Ising spin systems in two dimensions in the presence of competing interactions: long-range antiferromagnetic and nearest-neighbor ferromagnetic of strength J. We first introduce the notion of a "corner energy," which shows, when the antiferromagnetic interaction decays faster than the fourth power of the distance, that a striped state is favored with respect to a checkerboard state when J is close to Jc, the transition to the ferromagnetic state, i.e., when the length scales of the uniformly magnetized domains become large. Next, we perform detailed analytic computations on the energies of the striped and checkerboard states in the cases of antiferromagnetic interactions with exponential decay and with power-law decay r-p, p>2, which depend on the Manhattan distance instead of the Euclidean distance. We prove that the striped phase is always favored compared to the checkerboard phase when the scale of the ground-state structure is very large. This happens for J J c if p>3, and for J sufficiently large if 2<p≤3. Many of our considerations involving rigorous bounds carry over to dimensions greater than two and to more general short-range ferromagnetic interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064205
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2011

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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