Magic-angle twisted bilayer graphene exhibits intriguing quantum phase transitions triggered by enhanced electron–electron interactions when its flat bands are partially filled. However, the phases themselves and their connection to the putative non-trivial topology of the flat bands are largely unexplored. Here we report transport measurements revealing a succession of doping-induced Lifshitz transitions that are accompanied by van Hove singularities, which facilitate the emergence of correlation-induced gaps and topologically non-trivial subbands. In the presence of a magnetic field, well-quantized Hall plateaus at a filling of 1,2,3 carriers per moiré cell reveal the subband topology and signal the emergence of Chern insulators with Chern numbers, C = 3,2,1, respectively. Surprisingly, for magnetic fields exceeding 5 T we observe a van Hove singularity at a filling of 3.5, suggesting the possibility of a fractional Chern insulator. This van Hove singularity is accompanied by a crossover from low-temperature metallic, to high-temperature insulating behaviour, characteristic of entropically driven Pomeranchuk-like transitions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering