Child support enforcement and welfare caseloads

Chien Chung Huang, Irwin Garfinkel, Jane Waldfogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Although there is a large body of research devoted to the issue of the determinants of welfare caseloads, none of these studies has incorporated the effects of child support enforcement (CSE). We employ annual state panel data from 1980 to 1999 and find that states with more effective CSE have significantly lower welfare caseloads. The improvement in CSE over this period reduces welfare caseloads by about 9 percent in 1999. We also discover that individual child support variables may not be good indicators of state CSE vigor and that a CSE index that includes multiple dimensions of CSE is more likely to capture the multiplicative functions of CSE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-134
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Human Resources
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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