Childhood homelessness, resilience, and adolescent mental health: A prospective, person-centered approach

Janette E. Herbers, J. J. Cutuli, Joanna N. Keane, Jake A. Leonard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

School districts and other service providers are increasingly aware of the substantial mental health needs of students experiencing family homelessness. Past findings are mixed regarding whether homelessness conveys unique risk beyond the risks associated with extreme poverty. With prospective longitudinal data on homelessness experiences across childhood, we utilized latent profile analysis as a person-centered approach to conceptualizing mental health outcomes in adolescence for 3,778 youth. We considered literal family homelessness as well as families living doubled-up, and we employed propensity score matching to identify a comparison group of nonhomeless students balanced across a range of covariates to address systematic bias. Results indicated that students who experienced literal homelessness during childhood were significantly less likely to demonstrate profiles of resilience in mental health functioning. We considered our approach and findings in light of challenges and opportunities particularly relevant to the school context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1830-1844
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology in the Schools
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Keywords

  • family homelessness
  • mental health
  • person-centered analysis

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