Cigarette Smoking in an Acute Partial Hospital Program

Frederick G. Guggenheim, Paul B. Lieberman, Samantha G. Farris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study explored demographic and clinical features, plus clinical outcomes, in a smoke-free acute partial hospital (PH) among current smokers, former smokers, and those who had never smoked (nonsmokers). Compared with nonsmokers, current smokers were younger and more likely to be unmarried and unpartnered, unemployed, or receiving disability benefits. They had more prior inpatient (IP) and PH episodes. They also had more problems with interpersonal relationships, mood lability, psychosis, and substance use. Compared with nonsmokers, current smokers were more likely to miss PH treatment days and drop out. They also had longer time to readmission to PH or IP. Former smokers resembled nonsmokers, except that former smokers also had a high rate of dropout. Changes in symptoms and functioning for patients who completed PH were the same among all groups. In an acute PH setting, smoking is a marker for psychiatric and psychosocial impairment plus treatment interruption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume209
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Cigarette smoking
  • partial hospital
  • readmission
  • treatment adherence
  • treatment outcome

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