Circular dichroism studies have shown that eukaryotic initiation factor 4E contains low amounts of alpha-helix; the main elements of secondary structure are beta-sheets/turns and aperiodic regions. Interactions with cap analogs are accompanied by small but reproducible changes in overall secondary structure, which may also involve more significant perturbations of localized regions containing certain phenylalanine residues. Dissociation constants for interactions with nucleotides have been established from fluorescence titrations. Results show that the (N-7) methylated guanosine nucleotides bound more strongly than their nonmethylated counterparts. Involvement of a key tryptophan residue in the cap binding site was suggested. Additional studies with two cap binding mutant forms of the protein, designated SK-4 (W----75----L) and SK-6 (W----115----L), confirmed and extended these observations. Fluorescence melting experiments indicated that binding of cap analogs stabilized the protein against thermal perturbation and demonstrated subtle differences in folding between the wild-type and mutant forms of the protein. These subtle differences in folding may account for the observed loss in cap specificity of both mutant forms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The Journal of biological chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 25 1988|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology