Objective: Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a common complication in the elderly. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a class of enzymes that control the acetylation status of intracellular proteins. Thus, we explored whether HDACs trigger the release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) through altering the acetylation status in the hippocampi of aged mice. Materials and Methods: The effect of the Class IIa HDAC in PND was explored using an in vivo form of splenectomy. Sixteen-month-old healthy male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five groups: Control, anesthesia plus sham surgery, anesthesia plus splenectomy, LMK235 treatment, and PBS treatment. The hippocampi were harvested on either first, third, or seventh postoperative day. Cognitive function was assessed via a Morris water maze (MWM) test. Quantitative RT-PCR, Western blots and ELISAs were carried out to assess the targeted gene expression at transcriptional and translational levels. Results: Splenectomy led to a significant deficiency in spatial memory acquisition, marked decreases in mRNA and protein levels of HDAC4 and HDAC5 in the hippocampus, and increases in the levels of total HMGB1 and acetylated HMGB1. In a similar fashion to splenectomy, treatment with the HDAC4/5 inhibitor LMK235 produced impaired spatial memory and an increase in the expression of HMGB1 and its acetylated counterpart in the hippocampus. Conclusion: These results suggest that surgery leads to PND through class IIa HDAC downregulation-triggered HMGB1 release in hippocampus of aged mice. HDACs may be a potential therapeutic target for postoperative cognitive dysfunction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Postoperative cognitive dysfunction