Objectives. There is a scarcity of outcome data regarding phase 1 trials for patientswith gynecologic malignancy. The objective of this study was to assess toxicity, clinical benefit and prognosticators in gynecologic oncology patients participating in phase 1 trials. Methods. All phase 1 oncology trials conducted at Albert Einstein Cancer Center from 1999 to 2010 were reviewed and extracted for relevant demographic and clinical data concerning patients with gynecologic malignancy. Cox-proportional and logistic regression modeling were used for multivariate analysis. Results. 120 distinct patients with gynecologic malignancy participated in 41 trials, constituting 30.6% of all phase 1 patients enrolled in the same time period. The median age is 59 years. Out of the 184 patients enrolled, 160 individual responses were evaluable. Seventeen DLT events (9.2%) occurred, including 1 (0.5%) treatmentrelatedmortality. There were 27.2% ≥ grade 3 hematologic and 24.4% non-hematologic toxicity. Eighty patients had stable disease (SD, 50%), including 21.9% with SD ≥ 4 months, 11 (6.3%) with partial response (PR), and 3 (1.9%) achieving complete response (CR). The clinical benefit rate (CBR = SD + CR + PR) was 58.1%. Albumin (Alb) ≤ 3.5 g/dL and abnormal ANC were independent negative prognosticators of survival. We also found a continuous correlation between changes in Albumin (p = 0.02) and LDH (p = 0.02) and odds of achieving CBR ≥ 4 month. Conclusions. Our clinical outcome and safety data suggested that phase 1 trials may be a reasonable option for patients with advanced and recurrent gynecologic cancer. The potential prognosticators identified should be further validated in larger trials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Clinical trials
- Gynecologic cancer
- Phase 1