Cloud federation in a layered service model

David Villegas, Norman Bobroff, Ivan Rodero, Javier Delgado, Yanbin Liu, Aditya Devarakonda, Liana Fong, S. Masoud Sadjadi, Manish Parashar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations


We show how a layered Cloud service model of software (SaaS), platform (PaaS), and infrastructure (IaaS) leverages multiple independent Clouds by creating a federation among the providers. The layered architecture leads naturally to a design in which inter-Cloud federation takes place at each service layer, mediated by a broker specific to the concerns of the parties at that layer. Federation increases consumer value for and facilitates providing IT services as a commodity. This business model for the Cloud is consistent with broker mediated supply and service delivery chains in other commodity sectors such as finance and manufacturing. Concreteness is added to the federated Cloud model by considering how it works in delivering the Weather Research and Forecasting service (WRF) as SaaS using PaaS and IaaS support. WRF is used to illustrate the concepts of delegation and federation, the translation of service requirements between service layers, and inter-Cloud broker functions needed to achieve federation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1330-1344
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Computer and System Sciences
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


  • AaaS
  • Cloud computing
  • Federation of Clouds
  • IaaS
  • Interoperability
  • PaaS
  • SaaS
  • Service delegation
  • Service layers


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