The first cobalt-catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl tosylates with alkyl and aryl Grignard reagents is reported. The catalytic system uses CoF3 and NHCs (NHC=N-heterocyclic carbene) as ancillary ligands. The reaction proceeds via highly selective C−O bond functionalization, leading to the corresponding products in up to 98 % yield. The employment of alkyl Grignard reagents allows to achieve a rare C(sp2)−C(sp3) cross-coupling of C−O electrophiles, circumventing isomerization and β-hydride elimination problems. The use of aryl Grignards leads to the formation of biaryls. The C−O cross-coupling sets the stage for a sequential cross-coupling by exploiting the orthogonal selectivity of the catalytic system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- C(sp)−C(sp) cross-coupling
- cobalt catalysis
- C−O activation