Intrinsic or acquired resistance to cisplatin in cancer cells remains a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy. The clinically relevant genetic and molecular mechanisms of resistance have not yet been identified. Cisplatin-resistant (CP-r) human KB epidermoid carcinoma cell lines (HeLa) resistant to varying levels of cisplatin after single and multiple selection steps are cross-resistant to other platinum compounds and to methotrexate. Intraspecies hybrids of the sensitive and KB CP-r cells were fused with HeLa D98OR CP-s, hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine (HAT) sensitive, ouabain resistant, to determine whether cisplatin resistance is dominant or recessive. Cell-cell hybridization between the sensitive cells and single-step or two-step KB CP-r cells both indicated codominance of cisplatin resistance compared to hybrids between sensitive cell lines (D98ORxKB). The hybrids between sensitive cell lines (D98xKB) and a single-step CP-r KB cell line (D98xKB-CP.5) also were cross-resistant to carboplatin and methotrexate. In addition, the relatively slower growth rate of CP-r cells appears to be dominant. In the two-step CP-r KB cell line, KB-CP1, resistance is no more dominant than in the single-step CP-r KB cell line, KB-CP.5, suggesting that one of the two steps of resistance in KB-CP1 may not be dominant. These dominance data suggest that it might be possible to identify one or more genes responsible for cisplatin resistance by gene transfer from a resistant cell line to a sensitive cell line.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology