The specificity for self-MHC that is necessary for T cell function is a consequence of intrathymic selection during which T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) expressed by immature thymocytes are tested for their affinity for self-peptide:self-MHC. The germ-line-encoded segments of the TCR, however, are believed to have an innate specificity for structural features of MHC molecules. We directly tested this hypothesis by generating a transgenic mouse system in which the protein HLA-DM is expressed at the surface of thymic cortical epithelial cells in the absence of classical MHC molecules. The specialized intracellular function of HLA-DM has removed this MHC class II-like protein from the evolutionary forces that have been hypothesized to shape TCR-MHC interactions. Our study shows that a structural mimic of MHC class II is not sufficient to appropriately interact with the TCRs expressed by developing thymocytes. This result emphasizes the unique complementarity of TCR-MHC interactions that are maintained by the evolutionary pressures dictated by positive selection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - May 17 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- T cell receptor
- T lymphocytes