Cognitive rationalizations for tanning-bed use: A preliminary exploration

Smita C. Banerjee, Jennifer L. Hay, Kathryn Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine construct and predictive utility of an adapted cognitive rationalization scale for tanning-bed use. Methods: Current/former tanning-bedusing undergraduate students (N = 216; 87.6% females; 78.4% white) at a large northeastern university participated in a survey. A cognitive rationalization for tanning-bed use scale was adapted. Standardized self-report measures of past tanning-bed use, advantages of tanning, perceived vulnerability to photoaging, tanning-bed use dependence, and tanning-bed use intention were also administered. Results: The cognitive rationalization scale exhibited strong construct and predictive validity. Current tanners and tanning-bed-use- dependent participants endorsed rationalizations more strongly than did former tanners and not-tanning-bed-use-dependent participants respectively. Conclusions: Findings indicate that cognitive rationalizations help explain discrepancy between inconsistent cognitions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-586
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Cognitive dissonance
  • College students
  • Indoor tanning
  • Rationalizations

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