Colorectal sessile serrated lesion with large size or synchronous neoplasm: A prospective study

Laxmi B. Chavali, Kun Hu, Anish Sheth, Nan Gao, Wei Xiong, Lanjing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Colorectal sessile serrated lesion (SSL) with synchronous neoplasm or large size are linked to higher risk of cancer, but their characteristics are unclear. Methods We prospectively included consecutive colorectal hyperplasic polyp and SSL collected at our institution from August 2011 to August 2012. The following data were collected and analyzed: age, gender, polyp site, aggregated polyp size, history of polyp, and synchronous neoplasm. Results We collected 437 specimens including 353 (80.8%) hyperplasic polyp and 84 (19.2%) SSL. Compared with hyperplasic polyp, SSL was independently associated with proximal colon [odds ratio (OR) 3.61, P< 0.001], larger size (OR 3.98, P< 0.001), but not history of polyp, age or gender. Large SSL (≥1 vs <1 cm) was associated with polyp site (P= 0.035) and synchronous advanced adenoma and cancer (P< 0.001). SSL with synchronous adenoma and cancer were more likely found in males (OR 1.91, P= 0.001), elderly (OR 1.02, P= 0.033), and patients with the index polyp in proximal colon (OR 1.32, P= 0.022), but not related to history of adenoma and cancer. Moreover, synchronous adenoma, SSL and cancer were independently associated with male gender (OR 1.90, P< 0.001), but surprisingly not older age, histology of index polyp (SSL vs hyperplasic polyp), index-polyp site or history of adenoma and cancer. Conclusions This prospective study shows male gender is associated with both synchronous adenoma and cancer, and synchronous adenoma, SSL and cancer, while index polyp site is associated with synchronous adenoma and cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Keywords

  • colorectal cancer
  • history
  • sessile serrated adenoma
  • synchronous neoplasm

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