Combining in vitro digestion model with cell culture model: Assessment of encapsulation and delivery of curcumin in milled starch particle stabilized Pickering emulsions

Xuanxuan Lu, Chao Li, Qingrong Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate the encapsulation and oral delivery efficiency of milled starch particles stabilized Pickering emulsions for lipophilic bioactive compounds, in vitro digestion model coupled with Caco-2 cells models were used. Physicochemical and biological properties of curcumin encapsulated Pickering emulsions were analyzed regarding to emulsion structure, curcumin retention, in vitro digestion, in vitro anti-proliferate ability and cellular uptake. Milled starch particles stabilized Pickering emulsion system was able to protect curcumin against harsh gastric conditions. Around 80% of the encapsulated curcumin was retained after 2 h of simulated gastric digestion. By being encapsulated in Pickering emulsion, the bioaccessibility of curcumin was increased from 11% for curcumin in bulk oil phase to 28% under simulated intestinal digestion process. The resulting curcumin-loaded micelle phase from digested emulsion exhibited significant anti-cancer ability and enhanced cellular uptake. This research provides an exploratory study on the possible future application of milled starch particles stabilized Pickering emulsions as nutraceutical delivery vehicles in the creation of novel functional foods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-924
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume139
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

Keywords

  • Lipophilic bioactive compound
  • Milled starch particles
  • Pickering emulsion
  • in vitro digestion

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