Comparative flavor profile analysis of four different varieties of Boletus mushrooms by instrumental and sensory techniques

Jinda Zhuang, Qing Xiao, Tao Feng, Qingrong Huang, Chi Tang Ho, Shiqing Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mushrooms from different varieties and manufacturing methods show different flavor profiles. In order to understand the sensory attributes and aroma compounds of boletus, the discrepancy of aroma profile in four varieties of boletus was determined using gas chromatography–olfactometry combined with sensory analysis and partial least squares regression analysis (PLSR). Sensory analysis revealed that Boletus Edulis had potent roasted and buttery attributes, Boletus Aereu exhibited woody note and Boletus Auripes Pk presented powerful floral and smoky aromas, while Boletus Rubellus Krombh showed weakness in five sensory attributes. The quantitative analysis revealed that the dominant volatiles in boletus samples were esters, aldehydes, acids, alcohols, pyrazines, ketones and phenols. A total of 42 potent aroma compounds (OAVs > 1) were determined by aroma extract dilution analysis and quantitative analysis. 1-Octen-3-ol and 2,5-dimethylpyrazine were the potent aroma compounds among four boletus samples. In addition, the key aroma compounds were 3-(methylthio)propionaldehyde and 2,6-dimethylpyrazine in Boletus edulis. Isovaleric acid, 2,6-dimethylpyrazine, benzeneacetaldehyde and (E)-2-octenal were the key aroma compounds in Boletus aereu. In Boletus auripes Pk, isovaleric acid, 3-ethylphenol and 2,6-dimethylpyrazine were the key aroma compounds, while 3-methylvaleric acid, isovaleric acid and 2,3-dimethylpyrazine significantly contributed to the aroma of boletus rubellus Krombh. Indeed, PLSR indicated that significant difference on aroma resulted from different varieties of boletus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109485
JournalFood Research International
Volume136
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science

Keywords

  • Aroma-active compounds
  • Boletus
  • Gas chromatography–olfactometry
  • Odor activity value
  • Partial least squares regression
  • Solvent assisted flavor evaporation

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