Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) are classified as either carbapenemase-producing CRE (CP-CRE) or non-carbapenemase-producing CRE (non-CP-CRE) based on their mechanism of carbapenem resistance. Few studies have compared outcomes associated with each type of infection. We attempted to determine if either CRE subset is associated with increased mortality. We performed a retrospective observational study to collect demographic, clinical and outcomes data to compare patients with CP-CRE and non-CP-CRE bacteremia. Of 146 cases analyzed, 88/146 (60%) were CP-CRE and 58/146 (40%) were non-CP-CRE. Patients with CP-CRE bacteremia were less likely to receive active empiric or targeted antibiotic therapy. Non-CP-CRE bacteremia was associated with a 2.4 times higher hazard of death at 30 days after bacteremia onset compared to CP-CRE (HR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.2, 4.6). Patients with non-CP-CRE bacteremia had a higher hazard of death at 30 days after bacteremia onset compared to those with CP-CRE bacteremia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|State||Published - Dec 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases