Comparison and Selection of Current Implantable Anti-Epileptic Devices

Stephen Wong, Ram Mani, Shabbar Danish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Implantable neural stimulators represent an advanced treatment adjunct to medication for pharmacoresistant epilepsy and alternative for patients that are not good candidates for resective surgery. Three treatment modalities are currently FDA-approved: vagus nerve stimulation, responsive neurostimulation, and deep brain stimulation. These devices were originally trialed in very similar patient populations with focal epilepsy, but head-to-head comparison trials have not been performed. As such, device selection may be challenging due to large overlaps in clinical indications and efficacy. Here we will review the data reported in the original pivotal clinical trials as well as long-term experience with these technologies. We will highlight differences in their features and mechanisms of action which may help optimize device selection on a case-by-case basis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


  • DBS
  • Neurostimulation
  • RNS
  • VNS
  • deep brain stimulation
  • epilepsy
  • responsive neurostimulation
  • seizures
  • vagus nerve stimulation


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