Cancer education is essential for improving cancer prevention and biobanking knowledge among racial-ethnic minorities, with the goal of increasing diversity and representativeness of biospecimen collections. However, little is known about the communication modalities for optimal delivery of information. We examined feasibility of recruitment and compared communication modalities for delivering cancer prevention and biobanking education to Hispanics. Communication modalities were evaluated using participation rates and change in knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, intention, receptivity, and trust. Enrollment in a biobanking registry was a behavioral outcome. Community members in Ponce, Puerto Rico and Tampa, Florida were recruited. Participants (N = 254) were randomized to one of three communication modalities: standard dissemination (mailed materials); enhanced dissemination (mailed materials plus follow-up call); and ‘charla’ (face-to-face group discussion). Participants completed questionnaires about their knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, intentions, receptivity, and trust regarding biobanking and cancer prevention pre- and post-intervention. Knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy were improved among all three modalities. Although the greatest increases in knowledge were observed when the information was delivered via charla, the charla had the lowest participation rate. The standard and enhanced dissemination modalities were more feasible for delivering cancer prevention and biobanking education to Hispanics. Lack of differences among the three modalities suggests culturally tailored education may be sufficient to capture the community’s intention to participate in biobanking research, regardless of the delivery method for the education. Results from this study contribute to the limited knowledge regarding Hispanics knowledge and intentions for biospecimen collection, and in the future may improve participation in this underrepresented group.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Cancer education
- Health communication channels