Objective: Lanoteplase is a rationally designed variant of tissue plasminogen activator. The aim of this study was to examine the pharmacokinetics and functional activity of a single intravenous bolus dose of lanoteplase with those of a bolus plus two-step infusion of alteplase. Design: Seven-centre substudy of the InTIME-I angiographic trial in patients presenting within 6 hours of onset of suspected acute myocardial infarction. Patients and Participants: A total of 31 patients (28 males, 3 females) enrolled in this substudy [mean age 59 (range 26 to 76) years]. Methods: Twenty-three patients randomised to lanoteplase received single bolus doses of 15 kU/kg (n = 5), 30 kU/kg (n = 3), 60 kU/kg (n = 9), or 120 kU/kg (n = 6). Eight patients received alteplase ≤100mg as a bolus followed by a two-stage 90 min infusion. Blood samples were analysed for antigen concentration and plasminogen activator (PA) activity. Results: The distribution plasma half-life of approximately 35 min for lanoteplase was at least five times longer than that of alteplase. Lanoteplase plasma clearance averaged 3 L/h (50 ml/min), whereas the mean plasma clearance of approximately 24 L/h (400 ml/min) for alteplase approaches hepatic blood flow following acute myocardial infarction. PA activity after lanoteplase 120 kU/kg remained for 6 hours, compared with less than 4 hours after alteplase 100mg. Conclusions: The longer antigen and activity half-lives, slower clearance and less complicated administration of lanoteplase compared with alteplase suggest that it may offer advantages for use as a single intravenous bolus to achieve reperfusion after myocardial infarction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)