Conceptual and definitional issues in occupational injury epidemiology

Mats Hagberg, David Christiani, Theodore K. Courtney, William Halperin, Tom B. Leamon, Thomas J. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents several models that further define the concept of occupational injury. While traditional models have proved successful in isolating specific research questions and health phenomena, the conceptual model presented permits a broader view of all injury morbidity. This model is based on both the level and frequency of energy transfers. A process model of occupational injury is also presented to describe the basic pathophysiological relationships associated with tissue effects/damage and recovery/repair. Numerous tradeoffs exist in variable selection, and a third model explores some of these tradeoffs. Differences in terminology and fundamental principles can limit the progress of occupational injury research. Accordingly, an argument is made for consolidation and consensus of terms. Finally, considerations for research are suggested, with an emphasis on the severity of the injury, the risk ratio, and the population at risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of industrial medicine
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Accidents
  • Biomechanics
  • Human engineering
  • Occupational health
  • Prevention
  • Public health
  • Terminology
  • Work-related injury

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Conceptual and definitional issues in occupational injury epidemiology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this