Construction of carrier state viruses with partial genomes of the segmented dsRNA bacteriophages

Yang Sun, Xueying Qiao, Leonard Mindich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The cystoviridae are bacteriophages with genomes of three segments of dsRNA enclosed within a polyhedral capsid. Two members of this family, Φ6 and Φ8, have been shown to form carrier states in which the virus replicates as a stable episome in the host bacterium while expressing reporter genes such as kanamycin resistance or lacα. The carrier state does not require the activity of all the genes necessary for phage production. It is possible to generate carrier states by infecting cells with virus or by electroporating nonreplicating plasmids containing cDNA copies of the viral genomes into the host cells. We have found that carrier states in both Φ6 and Φ8 can be formed at high frequency with all three genomic segments or with only the large and small segments. The large genomic segment codes for the proteins that constitute the inner core of the virus, which is the structure responsible for the packaging and replication of the genome. In Φ6, a carrier state can be formed with the large and middle segment if mutations occur in the gene for the major structural protein of the inner core. In Φ8, carrier state formation requires the activity of genes 8 and 12 of segment S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 20 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology


  • Bacteriophage
  • Carrier state
  • Genomic packaging
  • Pseudomonas
  • dsRNA


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