Expressional changes of pain-associated genes in primary sensory neurons of DRG are critical for neuropathic pain genesis. DNA methyltransferase (DNMT)-triggered DNA methylation silences gene expression. We show here that DNMT1, a canonical maintenance methyltransferase, acts as the de novo DNMT and is required for neuropathic pain genesis likely through repressing at least DRG Kcna2 gene expression in male mice. Peripheral nerve injury upregulated DNMT1 expression in the injured DRG through the transcription factorcAMPresponse element binding protein-triggered transcriptional activation of Dnmt1 gene. Blocking this upregulation prevented nerve injury-induced DNA methylation within the promoter and 5'-untranslated region of Kcna2 gene, rescued Kcna2 expression and total Kv current, attenuated hyperexcitability in the injured DRG neurons, and alleviated nerve injury-induced pain hypersensitivities. Given that Kcna2 is a key player in neuropathic pain, our findings suggest thatDRGDNMT1maybe a potential target for neuropathic pain management.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Aug 12 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Epigenetic mechanisms
- Neuropathic pain