In the eighteenth century, Landen, Lagrange and Gauss studied a function of two positive real numbers that has become known as the arithmetic-geometric mean (AGM). In the nineteenth century, Borchardt generalized the AGM to a function of any 2n(n = 1,2,3,…) positive real numbers. In this paper, we generalize the AGM to a function of any even number of positive real numbers. If M(a, b) is the original AGM then M(a, b) is concave in the pair (a, b) of positive numbers and log M(eα, eβ) is convex in the pair (α, β) of real numbers; all our generalizations of the AGM behave similarly. We generalize this analysis extensively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Signal Processing
- Computer Science Applications
- Control and Optimization