Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of binucleating macrocyclic bis(disulfide)tetramine ligands

S. Fox, R. T. Stibrany, J. A. Potenza, S. Knapp, H. J. Schugar

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33 Scopus citations


Novel macrocyclic bis(disulfide)tetramine ligands and several Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes of them with additional ligands have been synthesized by the oxidative coupling of linear tetradentate N2S2 tetramines with iodine. Facile demetalation of the Ni(II) oxidation products affords the free 20-membered macrocycles meso-9 and rac-9 and the 22-membered macrocycle 16, all of which are potentially octadentate N4S4 ligands. X-ray structure analyses reveal distinctly different conformations for the two isomers of 9; meso-9 shows a stepped conformation in profile with the disulfide groups corresponding to the rise of the step, whereas rac-9 exhibits a V conformation with the disulfide groups near the vertex of the V. No metal complexes of rac-9 have been isolated. Crystallographic studies of three Cu(II) complexes reveal that depending upon the size of the macrocyclic ligand and the nature of the additional ligands (I-, NCO-, and CH3CN), the Cu(II) coordination geometry shows considerable variation (plasticity), with substantial changes in the Cu(II)-disulfide bonding. Thus, a diiodide salt contains six-coordinate Cu(II) to which all four bridging disulfide sulfur atoms form strong equatorial bonds. In contrast, isocyanato complexes of the 20- and 22-membered macrocycles exhibit trigonal-bipyramidal Cu(II) and distorted cis-octahedral Cu(II) geometries, respectively, having only one and no short equatorially bound sulfur atoms. The coordination geometry of the latter complex can also be described as four-coordinate seesaw with two semicoordinated S(disulfide) ligands. Disulfide → Cu(II) ligand-to-metal charge transfer absorptions of both isocyanato-containing Cu(II) species appear too weak to observe, probably because of poor overlap of the sulfur orbitals with the Cu(II) d-vacancy. The dual disulfide-bridged Ni(II) units of the crystallographically characterized octahedral Ni(II) complex of meso-9 with axial iodide and acetonitrile ligands promote substantial antiferromagnetic coupling (J = -13.0-(2) cm-1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4950-4961
Number of pages12
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - Oct 16 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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