Correlates of HIV Testing Among Transgender Women in Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

An Bao, Donn J. Colby, Toan Trang, Bao Quoc Le, Thien Duc Dinh, Quan Hoang Nguyen, Huyen Thi Hoang, M. Reuel Friedman, Ron Stall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


HIV prevalence among transgender women (TW) in Ho Chi Minh City is estimated at 18 %. However, no evidence-based programs or surveillance data exist in Vietnam specific to HIV testing uptake. We examined prevalence and correlates of past-year HIV testing among TW (n = 204) recruited in 2015 via snowball sampling. 59.3 % reported HIV testing in the previous year. In adjusted models, factors positively associated with HIV testing included consistent condom use during sex work with male clients; STI testing in past year; sex with casual partners in the past month; and experiences of police harassment. Factors negatively associated with recent HIV testing included daily/weekly alcohol use and post-traumatic stress symptoms. This study found significant associations between greater safety in sexual behaviors and higher rates of HIV testing. Targeted and specific services are needed for TW in Vietnam in order to address sexual risk behaviors and provide appropriate access to regular HIV testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-378
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


  • HIV testing
  • Police harassment
  • Sex work
  • Transgender women
  • Vietnam


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