Correlation between red blood cell deformability and changes in hemodynamic function

John Langenfeld, G. W. Machiedo, M. Lyons, B. F. Rush, G. Dikdan, T. W. Lysz

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. In sepsis red blood cells (RBCs) have been shown to be less deformable (i.e., more rigid) and have been implicated in decreasing nutrient blood supply and possibly leading to organ dysfunction. However, no studies have demonstrated an association between organ dysfunction and rigid RBCs. This study examined cardiovascular physiologic and histologic changes in two different models to determine whether a relationship may exist between RBC deformability and organ function. Methods. In the following two experiments, cardiac index (CI) was continuously measured, whereas both deformability index and histology were examined at the end of the experimental periods. The first experiment studied nonanesthetized, hydrated rats after a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), a slow-developing means of inducing RBC rigidity. In a second experiment animals were anesthetized and received a 20% total blood volume transfusion of either diamide-treated (rigid) RBCs or normal RBCs. Results. CLP-treated animals' CI gradually decreased during 18 hours (232 ± 60 ml/min/kg to 123 ± 90 ml/min/kg; p = 0.05), with an increase in systemic vascular resistance (1459 ± 517 dyne · sec/cm5 · m2 to 2337 ± 1213 dyne · sec/cm5 · m2; p = 0.02). Diamide-treated animals had a rapid decrease in CI (86 ± 7.0 ml/min/kg to 58 ± 13 ml/min/kg; p = 0.05) and increase in SVR (2269 ± 373 dyne · sec/cm5 · m2 to 3897 ± 988 dyne · sec/cm5 · m2; p = 0.05) from baseline to 120 minutes after treatment respectively. The DI was significantly lower in both CLP and diamide groups (p < 0.03) when compared with control animals. Histologic evidence of subendocardial necrosis was shown in both the CLP- and Diamide- treated animals. Conclusions. These data suggest an association with RBC deformability and organ function in both septic and nonseptic animal models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-867
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery
Volume116
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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    Langenfeld, J., Machiedo, G. W., Lyons, M., Rush, B. F., Dikdan, G., & Lysz, T. W. (1994). Correlation between red blood cell deformability and changes in hemodynamic function. Surgery, 116(5), 859-867.